Braun Inspection Consultants
Inspected Once, Inspected Right!
 
 

James E. Braun
InspectorASAP@gmail.com
Jefferson City, Missouri
866-205-2866

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                                                                                                                                                  InterNACHI's Estimated Life Expectancy Chart

                                                                                                                                                  The following chart details the predicted life expectancy of household materials and components.
                                                                                                                                                  Interior and exterior paints can last for 15 years or longer, however homeowners often paint more frequently. Surface preparation is likely the most important determiner of paint life expectancy.
                                                                                                                                                  ADHESIVES, CAULK AND PAINTS
                                                                                                                                                  YEAR
                                                                                                                                                  Caulking
                                                                                                                                                  5-10
                                                                                                                                                  Paint
                                                                                                                                                  7
                                                                                                                                                  Roofing Adhesives
                                                                                                                                                  15+
                                                                                                                                                  Appliance life expectancy depends to a great extent on the use it receives. Furthermore, consumers often replace appliances long before they become worn out due to changes in styling, technology and consumer preferences. Of a home’s major appliances, gas ranges have the longest life expectancy.
                                                                                                                                                  APPLIANCES
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Air-Conditioners
                                                                                                                                                  8-15
                                                                                                                                                  Boilers
                                                                                                                                                  20-35
                                                                                                                                                  Compactors
                                                                                                                                                  6
                                                                                                                                                  Dehumidifiers
                                                                                                                                                  8
                                                                                                                                                  Dishwashers
                                                                                                                                                  9
                                                                                                                                                  Disposers, Food waste
                                                                                                                                                  12
                                                                                                                                                  Dryers
                                                                                                                                                  13
                                                                                                                                                  Exhaust Fans
                                                                                                                                                  10
                                                                                                                                                  Freezers
                                                                                                                                                  10-20
                                                                                                                                                  Furnaces
                                                                                                                                                  15-25
                                                                                                                                                  Gas Ovens
                                                                                                                                                  10-18
                                                                                                                                                  Heat Pumps
                                                                                                                                                  16
                                                                                                                                                  Humidifiers
                                                                                                                                                  8
                                                                                                                                                  Microwave Ovens
                                                                                                                                                  9
                                                                                                                                                  Range/Oven Hoods
                                                                                                                                                  14
                                                                                                                                                  Electric Ranges
                                                                                                                                                  13-15
                                                                                                                                                  Gas Ranges
                                                                                                                                                  15-17
                                                                                                                                                  Refrigerators
                                                                                                                                                  9-13
                                                                                                                                                  Washing Machine
                                                                                                                                                  5 -15
                                                                                                                                                  Water Heaters
                                                                                                                                                  10-11
                                                                                                                                                  BATHROOM
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Cast Iron Bathtub
                                                                                                                                                  50
                                                                                                                                                  Fiberglass Bathtub and Shower
                                                                                                                                                  10-15
                                                                                                                                                  Shower Door
                                                                                                                                                  25
                                                                                                                                                  Toilet
                                                                                                                                                  50
                                                                                                                                                  Kitchens are in the process of becoming larger and more elaborate, and together with the family room, modern kitchens now form the “great room.”
                                                                                                                                                  Great rooms are a place to cook as well as a space where people gather to read, talk, eat, do homework, surf the Internet, and pay bills.
                                                                                                                                                  CABINETRY & STORAGE
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Bath Cabinets
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Closet Shelves 100+
                                                                                                                                                  Entertainment Centers/Home Office 10
                                                                                                                                                  Garage/Laundry Cabinets 100+
                                                                                                                                                  Kitchen Cabinets 50
                                                                                                                                                  Medicine Cabinets 20+
                                                                                                                                                  Modular/Stock Manufacturing Type
                                                                                                                                                  50
                                                                                                                                                  Walls and ceilings last the full lifespan of the home.
                                                                                                                                                  CEILINGS, WALLS & FINISHES
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Acoustical Ceiling
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Ceiling Suspension
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Ceramic Tile
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Standard Gypsum
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Natural stone countertops, which are less expensive than they were just a few years ago, are becoming more popular and one can expect them to last a lifetime. Cultured marble countertops have a shorter life expectancy, however.
                                                                                                                                                  COUNTERTOPS
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Cultured Marble
                                                                                                                                                  20
                                                                                                                                                  Natural Stone
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Laminate Countertops
                                                                                                                                                  20 - 30
                                                                                                                                                  Tile
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Wood
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Decks are exposed to a wide range of conditions in different climates, from wind and hail in some areas to relatively consistent, dry weather, in others. Under ideal conditions, they have a life expectancy of about 20 years but they can fail much sooner.
                                                                                                                                                  DECKS
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Deck Planks
                                                                                                                                                  25
                                                                                                                                                  Wood
                                                                                                                                                  10-30
                                                                                                                                                  Exterior fiberglass, steel and wood doors will last as long as the house, while vinyl and screen doors have a shorter life expectancy. Closet doors may last a lifetime, but French doors will fail sooner.
                                                                                                                                                  DOORS
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Closet (Interior)
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Fiberglass (Exterior)
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Fire-Rated Steel (Exterior)
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  French (Interior)
                                                                                                                                                  30-50
                                                                                                                                                  Screen (Exterior)
                                                                                                                                                  40
                                                                                                                                                  Vinyl (Exterior) 20
                                                                                                                                                  Wood (Exterior)
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Wood (Hollow Core Interior)
                                                                                                                                                  20 - 30
                                                                                                                                                  Wood (Solid Core Interior)
                                                                                                                                                  30 - 100+
                                                                                                                                                  Floor and roof trusses and laminated strand lumber are durable household components, and engineered trim may last 30 years.
                                                                                                                                                  ENGINEERED LUMBER
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Engineered Trim
                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                  Laminated Strand Lumber
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Laminated Veneer Lumber
                                                                                                                                                  80+
                                                                                                                                                  Trusses
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  FIXTURES & FAUCETS
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Accessible/ADA Products
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Enamel Steel Kitchen Sinks
                                                                                                                                                  5-10
                                                                                                                                                  Faucets
                                                                                                                                                  15-20
                                                                                                                                                  Modified Acrylic Kitchen Sinks
                                                                                                                                                  50
                                                                                                                                                  Saunas/Steam Rooms
                                                                                                                                                  15-20
                                                                                                                                                  Shower Enclosures/Modules
                                                                                                                                                  50
                                                                                                                                                  Shower heads
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Soapstone Kitchen Sinks
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Toilets/Bidets
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Whirlpool Tubs
                                                                                                                                                  20-50
                                                                                                                                                  Natural wood floorings may las as long as the house. Marble, slate, and granite are also expected to last for about 100 years, but require more maintenance. Vinyl floors last up to 50 years, linoleum about 25 years, and carpet between 8 and 10 years (with appropriate maintenance and normal traffic).
                                                                                                                                                  FLOORING
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  All Wooden Floors
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Bamboo
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Brick Pavers
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Carpet
                                                                                                                                                  8-10
                                                                                                                                                  Concrete
                                                                                                                                                  50+
                                                                                                                                                  Engineered Wood
                                                                                                                                                  50+
                                                                                                                                                  Exotic Wood
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Granite
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Laminate
                                                                                                                                                  15-25
                                                                                                                                                  Linoleum
                                                                                                                                                  25
                                                                                                                                                  Marble
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Other Domestic Wood
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Slate
                                                                                                                                                  100
                                                                                                                                                  Terrazo
                                                                                                                                                  75+
                                                                                                                                                  Tile
                                                                                                                                                  75-100
                                                                                                                                                  Vinyl
                                                                                                                                                  25
                                                                                                                                                  Concrete and poured block footings and foundations will last a lifetime, assuming they were properly built. Termite proofing of foundations will last about 12 years if the chemical barriers put in place during construction are left intact. Waterproofing with bituminous coating lasts 10 years, but if it cracks it is immediately damaged.
                                                                                                                                                  FOOTING & FOUNDATIONS
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Baseboard System
                                                                                                                                                  50
                                                                                                                                                  Bituminous Coating Waterproofing
                                                                                                                                                  10
                                                                                                                                                  Cast Iron Waste Pipe (Above Ground)
                                                                                                                                                  60+
                                                                                                                                                  Cast Iron Waste Pipe (Below ground)
                                                                                                                                                  50 - 60
                                                                                                                                                  Concrete Block
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Concrete Waste Pipe
                                                                                                                                                  100
                                                                                                                                                  Poured Footings and Foundations
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Pumps, Sumps, and Wells
                                                                                                                                                  5-12
                                                                                                                                                  Termite Proofing
                                                                                                                                                  12
                                                                                                                                                  Framing and structural systems have extended longevities; poured-concrete systems, timber frame houses and structural insulated panels will all last a lifetime. Wall panels and roof and floor trusses will also last a lifetime. Hardboard, softwood, and plywood last an average of 30 years, while OSB and particleboard are expected to last twice that long.
                                                                                                                                                  FRAMING & OTHER STRUCTURAL SYSTEMS
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Poured-Concrete Systems
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Structural Insulated Panels
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Timber Frame Homes
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Garage door openers are expected to last 10 to 15 years, and light inserts will last slightly longer.
                                                                                                                                                  GARAGES
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Garage Doors
                                                                                                                                                  20-25
                                                                                                                                                  Garage Door Openers
                                                                                                                                                  10-15
                                                                                                                                                  Light Inserts
                                                                                                                                                  20
                                                                                                                                                  Home technology systems have diverse life expectancies. While a built-in audio system will last 20 years, security systems and heat/smoke detectors have life expectancies of 5 to 10 years. Wireless home networks and home automation systems are expected to work properly for more than 50 years.
                                                                                                                                                  HOME TECHNOLOGY
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Built-in Audio
                                                                                                                                                  20
                                                                                                                                                  Home Automation Systems
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Security Systems
                                                                                                                                                  5-10
                                                                                                                                                  Smoke/Heat Detectors
                                                                                                                                                  Less Than 10
                                                                                                                                                  Wireless Home Networks
                                                                                                                                                  50+
                                                                                                                                                  Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems require regular maintenance in order to work properly, but even well-maintained systems only last 15 to 25 years. Furnaces, on average, last 15-20 years, heat pumps last 16 years, and air conditioning units last 10-15 years. Tankless water heaters last more than 20 years, while an electric or gas water heater has a life expectancy of about 10 years. Thermostats may last 35 years but they are usually replaced before they fail due to technological improvements.
                                                                                                                                                  HVAC
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Air Conditioners
                                                                                                                                                  10-15
                                                                                                                                                  Air Quality Systems
                                                                                                                                                  15
                                                                                                                                                  Attic Fans
                                                                                                                                                  15 - 25
                                                                                                                                                  Boilers
                                                                                                                                                  13-21
                                                                                                                                                  Burners
                                                                                                                                                  10+
                                                                                                                                                  Central Air Conditioning Unite
                                                                                                                                                  12-15
                                                                                                                                                  Dampers
                                                                                                                                                  20+
                                                                                                                                                  Dehumidifiers
                                                                                                                                                  8
                                                                                                                                                  Diffusers, Grilles, and Registers
                                                                                                                                                  25
                                                                                                                                                  Ducting
                                                                                                                                                  10
                                                                                                                                                  DX, Water, Or Steam
                                                                                                                                                  20
                                                                                                                                                  Electric
                                                                                                                                                  15
                                                                                                                                                  Electric Radiant Heater
                                                                                                                                                  40
                                                                                                                                                  Furnaces
                                                                                                                                                  15-20
                                                                                                                                                  Heat Exchangers, shell + tube
                                                                                                                                                  10-15
                                                                                                                                                  Heat Pumps
                                                                                                                                                  16
                                                                                                                                                  Heat Recovery Ventilators
                                                                                                                                                  20
                                                                                                                                                  Hot Water or Steam Radiant Heater
                                                                                                                                                  40
                                                                                                                                                  Induction and Fan-Coil Units
                                                                                                                                                  10-15
                                                                                                                                                  Molded Insulation
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Shell and Tube
                                                                                                                                                  20
                                                                                                                                                  Thermostats
                                                                                                                                                  35
                                                                                                                                                  Ventilators 7
                                                                                                                                                  Water Heaters
                                                                                                                                                  20+
                                                                                                                                                  As long as they are not punctured, cut, or burned and are kept dry and away from UV rays, cellulose, fiberglass, and foam insulation materials will last a lifetime. This is true regardless of whether they were installed as loose fill, house wrap, or batts/rolls.
                                                                                                                                                  INSULATION & INFILTRATION BARRIERS
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Batts/Rolls
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Cellulose
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Fiberglass
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Foam
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  House Wrap
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Loose Fill
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Ladders are expected to last a lifetime, but life expectancy of lifts is significantly shorter.
                                                                                                                                                  JOB SITE EQUIPMENT
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Ladders
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Lifts
                                                                                                                                                  8-10
                                                                                                                                                  Copper plated wiring, copper clad aluminum, and bare copper wiring are expected to last a lifetime, whereas electrical accessories and lighting controls may need to be replaced after 10 years.
                                                                                                                                                  LIGHTING & ELECTRICAL
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Accessories
                                                                                                                                                  10+
                                                                                                                                                  Bare Copper
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Copper Clad Aluminum
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Copper Plated
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Lighting Controls
                                                                                                                                                  10+
                                                                                                                                                  Masonry is one of the most enduring household components. Fireplaces, chimneys, and brick veneers can last the lifetime of a home.
                                                                                                                                                  MASONRY & CONCRETE
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Brick
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Sealer Caulking
                                                                                                                                                  2-20
                                                                                                                                                  Stone
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Veneer
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Custom millwork will last a lifetime, and all stairs – circular and spiral stairs, prebuilt stairs and attic stairs – are expected to last a lifetime.
                                                                                                                                                  MOLDING & MILLWORK
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Attic Stairs
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Custom Millwork
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Prebuilt Stairs
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Stair Parts
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Stairs, Circular & Spiral
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Lifetime of any wood product depend on level of moisture intrusion
                                                                                                                                                  PANELS
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Flooring Underlayment
                                                                                                                                                  25
                                                                                                                                                  Hardboard
                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                  Particleboard
                                                                                                                                                  60
                                                                                                                                                  Plywood
                                                                                                                                                  60
                                                                                                                                                  Softwood
                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                  Oriented-Strand Board
                                                                                                                                                  60
                                                                                                                                                  Wall Panels
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  The life of a roof depends on local weather conditions, building and design, material quality, and adequate maintenance. Slate, copper, and clay/concrete roofs have the longest life expectancy while roofs made of asphalt shingles, fiber cement or wood shakes will fail sooner.
                                                                                                                                                  ROOFING
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Aluminum Coating
                                                                                                                                                  3-7
                                                                                                                                                  Asphalt Shingles (3 - tab)
                                                                                                                                                  20
                                                                                                                                                  Asphalt (Architectural)
                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                  BUR (Built-up Roof)
                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                  Clay/Concrete
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Coal and Tar
                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                  Copper
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  EPDM (Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer) Rubber
                                                                                                                                                  15 - 25
                                                                                                                                                  Fiber Cement
                                                                                                                                                  25
                                                                                                                                                  Metal
                                                                                                                                                  40 - 50
                                                                                                                                                  Modified Bitumen
                                                                                                                                                  20
                                                                                                                                                  Simulated Slate
                                                                                                                                                  50
                                                                                                                                                  Slate
                                                                                                                                                  50+
                                                                                                                                                  TPO
                                                                                                                                                  7 - 20
                                                                                                                                                  Wood
                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                  Outside materials typically last a lifetime. Brick, vinyl, engineered wood, stone (both natural and manufactured), and fiber cement will last as long the house. Exterior wood shutters are expected to last 20 years, depending on weather conditions. Gutters have a life expectancy of more than 50 years if made of copper and for 20 years if made of aluminum. Copper downspouts last 100 years or more, while aluminum ones will last 30 years.
                                                                                                                                                  SIDING & ACCESSORIES
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Aluminum Downspouts
                                                                                                                                                  30
                                                                                                                                                  Aluminum Gutters
                                                                                                                                                  20
                                                                                                                                                  Aluminum/Interior Shutters
                                                                                                                                                  10+
                                                                                                                                                  Brick
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Copper Downspouts
                                                                                                                                                  100
                                                                                                                                                  Copper Gutters
                                                                                                                                                  50+
                                                                                                                                                  Engineered Wood
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Fiber Cement
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Galvanized Steel Gutters/Downspouts
                                                                                                                                                  20
                                                                                                                                                  Manufactured Stone
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Soffits/Fascias
                                                                                                                                                  50
                                                                                                                                                  Stone
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Stucco
                                                                                                                                                  50 - 100
                                                                                                                                                  Trim
                                                                                                                                                  25
                                                                                                                                                  Vinyl 100+
                                                                                                                                                  Wood/Exterior Shutters 20
                                                                                                                                                  Wood/Interior Shutters 15+
                                                                                                                                                  Most landscaping elements have a life expectancy of 15 to 25 years. Sprinklers and valves last about 20 years, while underground PVC piping has a lifespan of 25 years. Polyvinyl fences are designed to last as long as the house, and asphalt driveways should last between 15 and 20 years. Tennis courts can last a lifetime if they are recoated; most coatings last 12 to 15 years. The concrete shell of a swimming pool is expected to last more than 25 years, but the interior plaster and tile have life expectancies of about 10 to 25 years.
                                                                                                                                                  SITE & LANDSCAPING
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  American Red Clay
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Asphalt Driveway
                                                                                                                                                  15-20
                                                                                                                                                  Asphalt with Acrylic Coating or Cushion
                                                                                                                                                  12-15
                                                                                                                                                  Brick & Concrete Patios
                                                                                                                                                  15-25
                                                                                                                                                  Clay Paving
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Cleaning Equipment(Swimming Pool)
                                                                                                                                                  7-10
                                                                                                                                                  Coating
                                                                                                                                                  5-7
                                                                                                                                                  Concrete Shell (Swimming Pool)
                                                                                                                                                  25+
                                                                                                                                                  Concrete Walks
                                                                                                                                                  40- 50
                                                                                                                                                  Controllers
                                                                                                                                                  15
                                                                                                                                                  Decking(Swimming Pool)
                                                                                                                                                  15
                                                                                                                                                  Fast-Dry Green Tennis Court 100+
                                                                                                                                                  Fast-Dry with Subsurface
                                                                                                                                                  100+
                                                                                                                                                  Gravel Walks
                                                                                                                                                  4-6
                                                                                                                                                  Interior Finish( Swimming Pool)
                                                                                                                                                  10-35
                                                                                                                                                  Polyvinyl Fences 100+
                                                                                                                                                  Sprinklers 10-14
                                                                                                                                                  Underground PVC Piping 60+
                                                                                                                                                  Valves
                                                                                                                                                  20
                                                                                                                                                  Waterline Tile ( Swimming Pool)
                                                                                                                                                  10
                                                                                                                                                  Aluminum windows are expected to last between 15 and 20 years while wooden windows should last nearly 30 years.
                                                                                                                                                  SKYLIGHTS & WINDOWS
                                                                                                                                                  YEARS
                                                                                                                                                  Aluminum/Aluminum Clad
                                                                                                                                                  15-20
                                                                                                                                                  Window Glazing 10+
                                                                                                                                                  Vinyl Windows
                                                                                                                                                  20 - 40
                                                                                                                                                  Wood
                                                                                                                                                  30+

                                                                                                                                                  Note: Life expectancy varies with usage, weather, installation, maintenance and quality of materials. Items listed as lasting 100+ years, especially those that open and close, often fail prematurely due to misuse or overuse. This list should be used only as a general guideline, not as a guarantee or warranty regarding the performance or life expectancy of any product.